Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Symptoms

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition prevailing in women of reproductive age. PCOS can develop any time after a woman has had her first period (known as menarche). There are numerous instances where PCOS development can occur in later reproductive years, as a response to certain hormonal factor.  PCOS has various signs and symptoms-one felt by the patient, and one deduced by the doctor on thorough examination and medical counseling.

In order to reach a definitive diagnosis of PCOS, your doctor will observe for atleast one of these two symptoms.

Irregular periods

This is the most commonly encountered symptom. The outcomes include menstrual intervals (time gap between two consequent periods) exceeding 30 days, 4 or more non-menstruating months; extended periods of more than 8 days, with heavy or scant bleeding.

Excess androgen

  • Another hallmark symptom of PCOS is excess secretion of male hormone, androgen. This manifests into obvious physical signs such as excess facial and body hair (hirsutism), adult or severe adolescent acne, and male pattern baldness, thinning of hair and excess hair on fingers of hands and toes, and on the surface of hands and legs.
  • When observed under ultrasonography or any other imaging technique, ovaries which are polycystic are abnormally larger in size as compared with that of the normal ones, and contain fluid filled sacs that surround the eggs.

Other symptoms of PCOS include

  • acne
  • weight gain
  • anxiety or depression
  • infertility

People with PCOS often have co-existing chronic disorders such as diabetes, hypertension, and high cholesterol, and which should not be confounded as symptoms. These conditions lead to increased weight gain in PCOS patients.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Symptoms & Pain

PCOS is more often accompanied by pain, and pain is one of the common symptoms of PCOS.  However, pain is not associated with PCOS per se but from other causes such as ovulation and cysts, which are transient and heal with time.

PCOS Symptoms & Treatment

The treatment for PCOS consists if individually treating each accompanying symptom, and varies between patients, and the treatment is highly individualistic. Along with medication, lifestyle modification strategies such as physical exercise and healthy diet prove to be of equal benefit and significance as that of medications to treat PCOS.

Lifestyle changes

PCOS is highly linked with obesity (excess fat tissue in the body), and hence as a lifestyle modification strategy, the doctor will first recommend losing weight by resorting to proper physical exercise and diet. The effectiveness of PCOS medications also tend to improve with reduced weight.

As aforementioned, a low-fat diet is associated with great improvements leading to alleviation of symptoms of PCOS. A typically recommended weight loss amounts to reduction of 5% of your body weight, for example: If your weight is say 60 kg, you need to lose your weight by atleast 3 kg to start with.

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